Step 6: Backset stones
- Backset each row about 12mm from the course below.
- Break up courses with thick “jumper” stones to create a random pattern.
Once the base course is installed, lay the remaining courses, except the capstone. Offset joints between courses to give the walls greater strength and to achieve a more pleasing look. Mix stone height, length and colour as you lay the stones. Place exceptionally thick stones (called “jumpers”) where you want to break up a uniform pattern. Backset each course about 12mm inside the previous course so the wall slopes slightly inward.
The toughest part of building the planter is laying the stones in an attractive, yet seemingly random, pattern. We often set a stone in place, then moved it several times to find the best fit. Grab stones from different piles (except the capstone pile) for each course to ensure a mix of lengths and thicknesses. Take your time and don’t hesitate to take a section of wall apart to redo it if it doesn’t look good.
Step 7: Backfill gradually
- As you complete every couple of courses, pull the landscape fabric tight against the stones and shovel backfill (topsoil) against the walls.
- Backfill to the top of the last installed row. This helps hold the stones in place.
Step 8: Level the last course and dry-fit the capstones
- Set capstones in place, overhanging the other courses by 50mm.
- Mark the stones and cut them to create tight joints.
- Place a straight 3m 2×4 over the last course as you lay the final course to check for level.
- Now use a utility knife to trim the landscape fabric, making it cover the last course of stone by about 100mm.
- Then install the capstones so they slightly overhang the underlying courses. We made ours overhang 50mm.
- Leave gaps at least 6mm wide between capstones so you can tuck mortar between them. But avoid gaps more than 20mm wide because they’ll look bad.
- To cut them to fit, place the first two capstones on the wall.
- Use a straightedge to mark roughly parallel lines on both stones so the edges will match. You don’t have to make this cut perfect; mortar will fill the gap between them.
- After you cut them to size, set them in place.
When you’re laying the final course, patiently select and place stones so the top of the entire course is flat and level (the stones should be within 6mm of level with adjacent stones). That way, you can more easily lay your capstone flat and level.
If two capstones fit nicely along the outside edge but leave a large gap on the inside, fill the gap with a wedge of stone (cut to fit if necessary) rather than cutting off large sections of capstone. If the gap-filling stones aren’t as thick as the capstone, make up the difference by piling more mortar beneath them.
Setting capstone is a time-consuming process, since you have to mark, cut and dry-lay them one at a time. The positions of the capstones will change slightly after cutting, so mark and fit them one at a time all along the wall.