Avoid framing mistakes
You can debate what the most essential part of building a home is, but there’s no question that framing a house is definitely one of the most important steps in the process. Framing gives a building its shape and provides support. Whether you’re framing the walls of an extension or building a house from the ground up, framing it incorrectly can cause serious problems.
Even minor framing mistakes can lead to wavy walls and squeaky floors, while more serious mistakes can leave a house vulnerable to high winds, cyclones or storms. Those mistakes will also mean expensive and time-consuming fixes down the road that you’ll want to avoid.
Below, you’ll find some great framing tips from pros for how to build a rock-solid house, build it code compliant and build it right the first time.
Stagger the joints in the top plates
It’s best to have one continuous top and tie plate, but that’s not possible on longer walls. When multiple plates are necessary, keep top plate end joints a minimum of 600mm away from tie plate end joints. And keep end joints at least 600mm from the end of the wall as well. If the two end joints are not kept apart, they create a hinge point, which weakens the wall. But 600mm is a bare minimum; most conscientious framers prefer at least twice that distance.
Nail into the floor joists and trusses
When you’re securing the bottom plates of walls to the floor, nail into the floor joists/trusses below. Nailing through the plywood keeps the wall from moving side to side, but expansion and contraction of the roof system could cause the wall to lift if it’s not also nailed to the floor joists/trusses. Plus, the nails will be out of the way when contractors need to cut holes in the plates for pipes, ducts and wires. For the same reason, nail top plates to overlying floor joists or roof trusses near studs whenever possible.